Somma/Vesuvio complex stands overlooking the bay of Napoli 10 km east from the main city of Napoli. Vesuvio is the only one explosive and active Volcano of all continental Europe.
Before the big eruption of 79 a.C., that buried Ercolano and Pompei, it was a unique complex of 4 kilometres of diameter. Nowadays there is only one portion of the original caldera were stands the actual volcano, the Vesuvio.
It is the most studied volcano of the world because the high density of populationt that lives around the volcano, around 3 millions of people. The Vesuvio is quiescent since 1944. The highest point is 1281 metres above sea level.
The National Park was established in 1995 to preserve the territory around the volcano, that presents 612 plants species and 227 animals species. The territory is rich in historical and natural beauties, with several typical agricultural products.